Scientific Materialism paradigm is becoming more and more unbearable, and post-materialistic science is emerging. In a paper published in the International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, the author is debating the role of Transpersonal Psychology as a contributor to cultural transformation. The metaphysics of Science, Materialism, and Post-Materialism are analyzed and an evaluation of the contribution of Transpersonal Psychology is proposed.
Bali (Indonesia) textual traditions was built long time ago with a mixture of Hinduism which were brought more than one thousand years ago in the Island. It is a blending of Samkhya, Yoga, and Advaita Vedanta, three of the six Darshanas of Old India. This combination of dualist and monist approaches is synthesized in the Aji Sangkya, a recent compilation (1947). A new analysis of this tradition was published as a comparative study between the various Hinduisms on which it is based. It highlights the process of creation with the tattvas, which has a lot of parallels with the theosophical constitution of man.
Swami Vivekananda claims that the four yogas – Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja-Yoga and Jnana-Yoga – are independent and equally effective paths to Self-realization and liberation from the cycle of rebirth. Ultimately, there are as many yogas as many individuals beings seeking liberation. He said that “The ultimate goal of all mankind, the aim and the end of all religions, is but one-re-union with God, or, what amounts to the same, with the divinity which is every man’s true nature.” A recent paper discusses and explains this diversity leading to unity.
Mindfullness-Based-Cognitive-Therapy (MBCT) are now well developed and well accepted in the medical communities. It has demonstrated its efficiency in psychatric domain, and is used in clinics and hospitals to reduce stress. A new study/experiment, using fMRI brain activation started to correlate the visible effects of this therapy with active zone of the brain. MBCT relies on intensive mental training with focussed, sustained attention practices. This is equivalent to the first phases of meditation practices and the results of this study brings another demonstration of the relationship/influence the mental can have on the physical body.
The fusion processes which occurs inside the core of any active star like our sun is the source of the generation of energy for all celestial bodies in its vicinity. This process involves the transformation of one element, starting with hydrogen, into heavier elements like helium, bore, carbon, oxygen,… The mechanism involves classical electromagnetism and quantum physics and it is confirmed by measurements from the Earth of the emitted particules called neutrinos. A recent experiment was able to measure for the first time such neutrinos coming from the sun’s second fusion process, called the CNO (Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen) Cycle.
In 2014, Chandra Wickramasinghe, from Buckingham Center for Astrobiology, UK, wrote a book – The Search for Our Cosmic Ancestry, following Fred Hoyle’s Theory of Cosmic Panspermia. He statistically demonstrated that life cannot have emerged on earth per chance, as the mainstream materialistic scientist’s world think, but was probably brought by cosmic “travelers” like comets, asteroids,… In a recent space project – COSIMA (COmetary Secondary Ion Mass Analyser), hosted on the Rosetta spacecraft – discovered phosphorus and fluorine in solid dust particles collected from the inner coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur were already reported in previous studies. Phosphorus is the last one of the CHNOPS-elements necessary for life to emerge.
Since the discovery of the anomalies of galaxies’ outer stars rotations (Fritz Zwicky, 1933’s), scientists have not been able to develop a satisfactory theory to explain the observed phenomenon. The concept of Dark Matter was introduced to account for the departure from general relativity model. Later, Dark Matter was used as a necessary component to validate the Big Bang theory, i.e. without Dark Matter, it is not possible for the initial sidereal bodies to form. Dark Matter must pervade every galaxy. Yet, after decades of modeling and observations, not a single particle of Dark Matter has been spotted. A new hypothesis surfaced, based on the observations of the distribution of galaxies from the CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background), which includes a gravity model which would be attractive at some length scale and repulsive at others.
Mme Blavatsky wrote (Isis Unveiled I. p.271, Ed. 1877) : “That there is no gravitation in the Newtonian sense, but only magnetic attraction and repulsion; that it is by their magnetism that the planets of the solar system have their motions regulated in their respective orbits by the still more powerful magnetism of the sun, not by their weight or gravitation.”
Another true story of a Near-Death experience in plain sight, during a cardiac surgery operation. The people around, including the surgeon, cannot but acknowledge the phenomenon which is raising so many questions to the materialistic scientists world, and which demands explanation. Such facts are piling up for some decades, well documented. The near-death process needs to be deciphered and the Traditions – The Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Tibetan Book of the Dead, the Theosophical teachings – have some clues to transmit there.
The network of neuronal cells in the human brain is seen as a complex multi-scale structure which can be modeled as a hierarchical network forming the physical and biological basis of cognition. The Universe, as far as we can observe and model it, looks like a web, the cosmic web. A new study analyzed the similarities between the two systems, and an astonishing conclusion emerged, showing that the order of magnitude of the quantity of information existing in the human mind neural network is identical to the quantity of information in the entire observable universe ( 1016).
The Secret Doctrine (Vol. I, p. 592 – 3rd Edition) states that : “Occult Philosophy has taught since the existence of human speech and language, on the principle of the immutable law of analogy, “as it is above, so it is below”, another of its axioms, that there is neither Spirit nor Matter, in reality, but only numberless aspects of the One ever-hidden Is, or Sat.”
Remaining in control of oneself at the moment of death and influencing one’s future incarnation was thoroughly experimented, analyzed and codified in Taoist literature. A comparative study with the Tibetan esoteric Buddhism revealed many similarities on near-death meditation practices and other practices like phowa (transfer of conscience) and tummo (inner heat generation). The whole process enables the practitioner to let out his/her immortal inner spirit at the moment of death of the body.
The Tibetan Book of the Dead, one of the most detailed and compelling descriptions of the after-death state in world literature, says in its conclusion to the chapter on The Great Liberation by Hearing, that : “By acting correctly, yogis with high realization will successfully effect the transference of consciousness at the moment of death, and, being spared the necessity of having to wander through the intermediate states, will attain liberation in an ascending and core-penetrating manner.“
Inflation versus cyclic universe debate is rising again among cosmologists. New computer simulations seems to challenge the Big Bang theory in favor of a cyclic universe, i.e. a universe which has no beginning, no end, and mainly no “singularity”, one of the weakest point of current theory where all known physical laws are supposed to collapse. But there is still a long road between simulation models and the physical world as we see it today.
Mme Blavatsky wrote (Secret Doctrine, Vol. I, p.594) : ” It is easy for an astronomer, if endowed with an imaginative faculty, to build a theory of the emergence of the universe out of chaos, by simply applying to it the principles of mechanics. But such a universe will always prove, with respect to its scientific human creators, a Frankenstein’s monster; it will lead him into endless perplexities. The application of the mechanical laws only can never carry the speculator beyond the objective world; nor will it unveil to men the origin and final destiny of Kosmos.”
Scientist community is often considered as anti-religion or at best atheist. Hundred of years in recent history left the feeling of a lack of religiosity in scientists’ approach and a strong tension between the two worlds. This overall vision came mainly from the Western world. A new study shows that such an attitude is influenced by national contexts, even when Science is operating as global field across national boundaries. This survey, based on interviews with Indian scientists, highlights a rising understanding of the differences between religion and spirituality, and it identifies that “those who believe Science and religion are not in conflict focus more on discipline and ethical guidelines”.
Mme Blavatsky (Secret Doctrine, Vol. I, p. 477 – Addenda to Book I) stated that : “So far as Science remains as “organized common sense”; so far as its inferences are drawn from accurate premise – its generalizations resting on purely inductive basis – every Theosophist and Occultist welcomes respectfully and with due admiration its contributions to the domain of cosmological laws. There can be no possible conflict between the teachings of the occult and so-called exact Science, where the conclusions of the latter are grounded on a substratum of unassailable fact.”
More than one billion of people subscribe worldwide to the concept of Karma. A new study analyzed the consequences in terms of moral and social behaviors, compared to non-karma related religious groups like Christians. It suggests that religious beliefs impact how we think about moral norms and that, for example, different religious beliefs promote different generosity norms.
Mme Blavatsky wrote (The Key to Theosophy, 1889) : ” We consider Karma as the Ultimate Law of the Universe, the source, origin and fount of all other laws which exist throughout Nature. Karma is the unerring law which adjusts effect to cause, on the physical, mental and spiritual planes of beings. As no cause remains without its due effect from greatest to least, from a cosmic disturbance down to the movement of your hand, and as like produces like, Karma is that unseen and unknown law which adjusts wisely, intelligently and equitably each effect to its cause, tracing the latter back to its producer. Though itself unknowable, its action is perceivable. “
Science and Religions both offer explanations for the world and for human experience. When an observation in Science or a dogma in Religion cannot be explained by reason, it is called “a mystery”; and Science and Religion are differentially tolerant of absent explanations.
A recent published paper proposes a comparative analysis of both approaches. The study concludes that: “In Science, unanswered questions are judged to stand in need of explanation, while in religion, participants are often content to leave unanswered questions as mysteries.”
Philosophers and scientists have been discussing opposition and intersection between Religion and Science domains for centuries. An anthropologist and ethnographer studied the relationships between the two, using the example of space science and its correlation with Japanese Buddhism. He reached the conclusion that tension or conflict between Science and Religion is a product of Western academic practices, linked to monotheistic religions. This conclusion is not assumed in Japanese discourses on the world. In that Tradition, Buddhism and Science are considered fundamentally compatible, our world being understood in terms of causal relationships and interconnectedness. In that context, potential for extra-terrestrial life is not considered adversarial to Religion.